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process.c

/* $Xorg: process.c,v 1.6 2001/02/09 02:05:38 xorgcvs Exp $ */
/* $XdotOrg: xc/programs/xauth/process.c,v 1.3 2004/04/24 23:26:55 alanc Exp $ */
/*

Copyright 1989, 1998  The Open Group

Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and its
documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, provided that
the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that
copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting
documentation.

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OPEN GROUP BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR
OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Except as contained in this notice, the name of The Open Group shall
not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use or
other dealings in this Software without prior written authorization
from The Open Group.

*/
/* $XFree86: xc/programs/xauth/process.c,v 3.23 2003/11/25 03:15:04 dawes Exp $ */

/*
 * Author:  Jim Fulton, MIT X Consortium
 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#include "xauth.h"
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

#include <signal.h>
#include <X11/X.h>                  /* for Family constants */

#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <X11/extensions/security.h>

#ifndef DEFAULT_PROTOCOL_ABBREV           /* to make add command easier */
#define DEFAULT_PROTOCOL_ABBREV "."
#endif
#ifndef DEFAULT_PROTOCOL            /* for protocol abbreviation */
#define DEFAULT_PROTOCOL "MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1"
#endif

#define SECURERPC "SUN-DES-1"
#define K5AUTH "MIT-KERBEROS-5"

#define XAUTH_DEFAULT_RETRIES 10    /* number of competitors we expect */
#define XAUTH_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT 2           /* in seconds, be quick */
#define XAUTH_DEFAULT_DEADTIME 600L /* 10 minutes in seconds */

typedef struct _AuthList {          /* linked list of entries */
    struct _AuthList *next;
    Xauth *auth;
} AuthList;

typedef int (*ProcessFunc)(char *, int, int, char**);

#define add_to_list(h,t,e) {if (t) (t)->next = (e); else (h) = (e); (t) = (e);}

typedef struct _CommandTable {            /* commands that are understood */
    char *name;                     /* full name */
    int minlen;                     /* unique prefix */
    int maxlen;                     /* strlen(name) */
    ProcessFunc processfunc;        /* handler */
    char *helptext;                 /* what to print for help */
} CommandTable;

struct _extract_data {              /* for iterating */
    FILE *fp;                       /* input source */
    char *filename;                 /* name of input */
    Bool used_stdout;               /* whether or not need to close */
    Bool numeric;             /* format in which to write */
    int nwritten;             /* number of entries written */
    char *cmd;                      /* for error messages */
};

struct _list_data {                 /* for iterating */
    FILE *fp;                       /* output file */
    Bool numeric;             /* format in which to write */
};


/*
 * private data
 */
static char *stdin_filename = "(stdin)";  /* for messages */
static char *stdout_filename = "(stdout)";  /* for messages */
static char *Yes = "yes";           /* for messages */
static char *No = "no";             /* for messages */

static int do_help ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_questionmark ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_list ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_merge ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_extract ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_add ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_remove ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_info ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_exit ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_quit ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_source ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );
static int do_generate ( char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv );

static CommandTable command_table[] = {   /* table of known commands */
    { "add",      2, 3, do_add,
      "add dpyname protoname hexkey   add entry" },
    { "exit",     3, 4, do_exit,
      "exit                           save changes and exit program" },
    { "extract",  3, 7, do_extract,
      "extract filename dpyname...    extract entries into file" },
    { "help",     1, 4, do_help,
      "help [topic]                   print help" },
    { "info",     1, 4, do_info,
      "info                           print information about entries" },
    { "list",     1, 4, do_list,
      "list [dpyname...]              list entries" },
    { "merge",    1, 5, do_merge,
      "merge filename...              merge entries from files" },
    { "nextract", 2, 8, do_extract,
      "nextract filename dpyname...   numerically extract entries" },
    { "nlist",    2, 5, do_list,
      "nlist [dpyname...]             numerically list entries" },
    { "nmerge",   2, 6, do_merge,
      "nmerge filename...             numerically merge entries" },
    { "quit",     1, 4, do_quit,
      "quit                           abort changes and exit program" },
    { "remove",   1, 6, do_remove,
      "remove dpyname...              remove entries" },
    { "source",   1, 6, do_source,
      "source filename                read commands from file" },
    { "?",        1, 1, do_questionmark,
      "?                              list available commands" },
    { "generate", 1, 8, do_generate,
      "generate dpyname protoname [options]  use server to generate entry\n" 
        "    options are:\n"
        "      timeout n    authorization expiration time in seconds\n"
        "      trusted      clients using this entry are trusted\n"
        "      untrusted    clients using this entry are untrusted\n"
        "      group n      clients using this entry belong to application group n\n"
        "      data hexkey  auth protocol specific data needed to generate the entry\n"
    }, 
    { NULL,       0, 0, NULL, NULL },
};

#define COMMAND_NAMES_PADDED_WIDTH 10     /* wider than anything above */


static Bool okay_to_use_stdin = True;     /* set to false after using */

static char *hex_table[] = {        /* for printing hex digits */
    "00", "01", "02", "03", "04", "05", "06", "07", 
    "08", "09", "0a", "0b", "0c", "0d", "0e", "0f", 
    "10", "11", "12", "13", "14", "15", "16", "17", 
    "18", "19", "1a", "1b", "1c", "1d", "1e", "1f", 
    "20", "21", "22", "23", "24", "25", "26", "27", 
    "28", "29", "2a", "2b", "2c", "2d", "2e", "2f", 
    "30", "31", "32", "33", "34", "35", "36", "37", 
    "38", "39", "3a", "3b", "3c", "3d", "3e", "3f", 
    "40", "41", "42", "43", "44", "45", "46", "47", 
    "48", "49", "4a", "4b", "4c", "4d", "4e", "4f", 
    "50", "51", "52", "53", "54", "55", "56", "57", 
    "58", "59", "5a", "5b", "5c", "5d", "5e", "5f", 
    "60", "61", "62", "63", "64", "65", "66", "67", 
    "68", "69", "6a", "6b", "6c", "6d", "6e", "6f", 
    "70", "71", "72", "73", "74", "75", "76", "77", 
    "78", "79", "7a", "7b", "7c", "7d", "7e", "7f", 
    "80", "81", "82", "83", "84", "85", "86", "87", 
    "88", "89", "8a", "8b", "8c", "8d", "8e", "8f", 
    "90", "91", "92", "93", "94", "95", "96", "97", 
    "98", "99", "9a", "9b", "9c", "9d", "9e", "9f", 
    "a0", "a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "a6", "a7", 
    "a8", "a9", "aa", "ab", "ac", "ad", "ae", "af", 
    "b0", "b1", "b2", "b3", "b4", "b5", "b6", "b7", 
    "b8", "b9", "ba", "bb", "bc", "bd", "be", "bf", 
    "c0", "c1", "c2", "c3", "c4", "c5", "c6", "c7", 
    "c8", "c9", "ca", "cb", "cc", "cd", "ce", "cf", 
    "d0", "d1", "d2", "d3", "d4", "d5", "d6", "d7", 
    "d8", "d9", "da", "db", "dc", "dd", "de", "df", 
    "e0", "e1", "e2", "e3", "e4", "e5", "e6", "e7", 
    "e8", "e9", "ea", "eb", "ec", "ed", "ee", "ef", 
    "f0", "f1", "f2", "f3", "f4", "f5", "f6", "f7", 
    "f8", "f9", "fa", "fb", "fc", "fd", "fe", "ff", 
};

static unsigned int hexvalues[256]; /* for parsing hex input */

static int original_umask = 0;            /* for restoring */


/*
 * private utility procedures
 */

static void 
prefix(char *fn, int n)
{
    fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s:%d:  ", ProgramName, fn, n);
}

static void 
baddisplayname(char *dpy, char *cmd)
{
    fprintf (stderr, "bad display name \"%s\" in \"%s\" command\n",
           dpy, cmd);
}

static void 
badcommandline(char *cmd)
{
    fprintf (stderr, "bad \"%s\" command line\n", cmd);
}

static char *
skip_space(register char *s)
{
    if (!s) return NULL;

    for ( ; *s && isascii(*s) && isspace(*s); s++)
      ;
    return s;
}


static char *
skip_nonspace(register char *s)
{
    if (!s) return NULL;

    /* put quoting into loop if need be */
    for ( ; *s && isascii(*s) && !isspace(*s); s++)
      ;
    return s;
}

static char **
split_into_words(char *src, int *argcp)  /* argvify string */
{
    char *jword;
    char savec;
    char **argv;
    int cur, total;

    *argcp = 0;
#define WORDSTOALLOC 4              /* most lines are short */
    argv = (char **) malloc (WORDSTOALLOC * sizeof (char *));
    if (!argv) return NULL;
    cur = 0;
    total = WORDSTOALLOC;

    /*
     * split the line up into separate, nul-terminated tokens; the last
     * "token" will point to the empty string so that it can be bashed into
     * a null pointer.
     */

    do {
      jword = skip_space (src);
      src = skip_nonspace (jword);
      savec = *src;
      *src = '\0';
      if (cur == total) {
          total += WORDSTOALLOC;
          argv = (char **) realloc (argv, total * sizeof (char *));
          if (!argv) return NULL;
      }
      argv[cur++] = jword;
      if (savec) src++;       /* if not last on line advance */
    } while (jword != src);

    argv[--cur] = NULL;             /* smash empty token to end list */
    *argcp = cur;
    return argv;
}


static FILE *
open_file(char **filenamep, 
        char *mode, 
        Bool *usedstdp, 
        char *srcfn, 
        int srcln, 
        char *cmd)
{
    FILE *fp;

    if (strcmp (*filenamep, "-") == 0) {
      *usedstdp = True;
                              /* select std descriptor to use */
      if (mode[0] == 'r') {
          if (okay_to_use_stdin) {
            okay_to_use_stdin = False;
            *filenamep = stdin_filename;
            return stdin;
          } else {
            prefix (srcfn, srcln);
            fprintf (stderr, "%s:  stdin already in use\n", cmd);
            return NULL;
          }
      } else {
          *filenamep = stdout_filename;
          return stdout;            /* always okay to use stdout */
      }
    }

    fp = fopen (*filenamep, mode);
    if (!fp) {
      prefix (srcfn, srcln);
      fprintf (stderr, "%s:  unable to open file %s\n", cmd, *filenamep);
    }
    return fp;
}

static int 
getinput(FILE *fp)
{
    register int c;

    while ((c = getc (fp)) != EOF && isascii(c) && c != '\n' && isspace(c)) ;
    return c;
}

static int 
get_short(FILE *fp, unsigned short *sp)   /* for reading numeric input */
{
    int c;
    int i;
    unsigned short us = 0;

    /*
     * read family:  written with %04x
     */
    for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
      switch (c = getinput (fp)) {
        case EOF:
        case '\n':
          return 0;
      }
      if (c < 0 || c > 255) return 0;
      us = (us * 16) + hexvalues[c];      /* since msb */
    }
    *sp = us;
    return 1;
}

static int
get_bytes(FILE *fp, unsigned int n, char **ptr) /* for reading numeric input */
{
    char *s;
    register char *cp;
    int c1, c2;

    cp = s = malloc (n);
    if (!cp) return 0;

    while (n > 0) {
      if ((c1 = getinput (fp)) == EOF || c1 == '\n' ||
          (c2 = getinput (fp)) == EOF || c2 == '\n') {
          free (s);
          return 0;
      }
      *cp = (char) ((hexvalues[c1] * 16) + hexvalues[c2]);
      cp++;
      n--;
    }

    *ptr = s;
    return 1;
}


static Xauth *
read_numeric(FILE *fp)
{
    Xauth *auth;

    auth = (Xauth *) malloc (sizeof (Xauth));
    if (!auth) goto bad;
    auth->family = 0;
    auth->address = NULL;
    auth->address_length = 0;
    auth->number = NULL;
    auth->number_length = 0;
    auth->name = NULL;
    auth->name_length = 0;
    auth->data = NULL;
    auth->data_length = 0;

    if (!get_short (fp, (unsigned short *) &auth->family))
      goto bad;
    if (!get_short (fp, (unsigned short *) &auth->address_length))
      goto bad;
    if (!get_bytes (fp, (unsigned int) auth->address_length, &auth->address))
      goto bad;
    if (!get_short (fp, (unsigned short *) &auth->number_length))
      goto bad;
    if (!get_bytes (fp, (unsigned int) auth->number_length, &auth->number))
      goto bad;
    if (!get_short (fp, (unsigned short *) &auth->name_length))
      goto bad;
    if (!get_bytes (fp, (unsigned int) auth->name_length, &auth->name))
      goto bad;
    if (!get_short (fp, (unsigned short *) &auth->data_length))
      goto bad;
    if (!get_bytes (fp, (unsigned int) auth->data_length, &auth->data))
      goto bad;
    
    switch (getinput (fp)) {        /* get end of line */
      case EOF:
      case '\n':
      return auth;
    }

  bad:
    if (auth) XauDisposeAuth (auth);      /* won't free null pointers */
    return NULL;
}

typedef Xauth *(*ReadFunc)(FILE *);

static int 
read_auth_entries(FILE *fp, Bool numeric, AuthList **headp, AuthList **tailp)
{
    ReadFunc readfunc = (numeric ? read_numeric : XauReadAuth);
    Xauth *auth;
    AuthList *head, *tail;
    int n;

    head = tail = NULL;
    n = 0;
                              /* put all records into linked list */
    while ((auth = ((*readfunc) (fp))) != NULL) {
      AuthList *l = (AuthList *) malloc (sizeof (AuthList));
      if (!l) {
          fprintf (stderr,
                 "%s:  unable to alloc entry reading auth file\n",
                 ProgramName);
          exit (1);
      }
      l->next = NULL;
      l->auth = auth;
      if (tail)               /* if not first time through append */
        tail->next = l;
      else
        head = l;             /* first time through, so assign */
      tail = l;
      n++;
    }
    *headp = head;
    *tailp = tail;
    return n;
}

static Bool 
get_displayname_auth(char *displayname, AuthList **authl)
{
    int family;
    char *host = NULL, *rest = NULL;
    int dpynum, scrnum;
    char *cp;
    int prelen = 0;
    struct addrlist *addrlist_head, *addrlist_cur;
    AuthList *authl_cur = NULL;

    *authl = NULL;
    /*
     * check to see if the display name is of the form "host/unix:"
     * which is how the list routine prints out local connections
     */
    cp = strchr(displayname, '/');
    if (cp && strncmp (cp, "/unix:", 6) == 0)
      prelen = (cp - displayname);

    if (!parse_displayname (displayname + ((prelen > 0) ? prelen + 1 : 0),
                      &family, &host, &dpynum, &scrnum, &rest)) {
      return False;
    }

    addrlist_head = get_address_info(family, displayname, prelen, host);
    if (addrlist_head) {
      char buf[40];                 /* want to hold largest display num */
      unsigned short dpylen;

      buf[0] = '\0';
      sprintf (buf, "%d", dpynum);
      dpylen = strlen (buf);
      if (dpylen > 0) {
          for (addrlist_cur = addrlist_head; addrlist_cur != NULL;
             addrlist_cur = addrlist_cur->next) {
            AuthList *newal = malloc(sizeof(AuthList));
            Xauth *auth = malloc(sizeof(Xauth));

            if ((newal == NULL) || (auth == NULL)) {
                if (newal != NULL) free(newal);
                if (auth != NULL) free(auth);
                break;
            }

            if (authl_cur == NULL) {
                *authl = authl_cur = newal;
            } else {
                authl_cur->next = newal;
                authl_cur = newal;
            }

            newal->next = NULL;
            newal->auth = auth;

            auth->family = addrlist_cur->family;
            auth->address = addrlist_cur->address;
            auth->address_length = addrlist_cur->len;
            auth->number = copystring(buf, dpylen);
            auth->number_length = dpylen;
            auth->name = NULL;
            auth->name_length = 0;
            auth->data = NULL;
            auth->data_length = 0;
          }
      }
    }

    if (host) free (host);
    if (rest) free (rest);

    if (*authl != NULL) {
      return True;
    } else {
      return False;
    }
}

static int 
cvthexkey(char *hexstr, char **ptrp)      /* turn hex key string into octets */
{
    int i;
    int len = 0;
    char *retval, *s;
    unsigned char *us;
    char c;
    char savec = '\0';

    /* count */
    for (s = hexstr; *s; s++) {
      if (!isascii(*s)) return -1;
      if (isspace(*s)) continue;
      if (!isxdigit(*s)) return -1;
      len++;
    }

    /* if odd then there was an error */
    if ((len & 1) == 1) return -1;


    /* now we know that the input is good */
    len >>= 1;
    retval = malloc (len);
    if (!retval) {
      fprintf (stderr, "%s:  unable to allocate %d bytes for hexkey\n",
             ProgramName, len);
      return -1;
    }

    for (us = (unsigned char *) retval, i = len; i > 0; hexstr++) {
      c = *hexstr;
      if (isspace(c)) continue;      /* already know it is ascii */
      if (isupper(c))
          c = tolower(c);
      if (savec) {
#define atoh(c) ((c) - (((c) >= '0' && (c) <= '9') ? '0' : ('a'-10)))
          *us = (unsigned char)((atoh(savec) << 4) + atoh(c));
#undef atoh
          savec = 0;          /* ready for next character */
          us++;
          i--;
      } else {
          savec = c;
      }
    }
    *ptrp = retval;
    return len;
}

static int 
dispatch_command(char *inputfilename, 
             int lineno, 
             int argc, 
             char **argv, 
             CommandTable *tab, 
             int *statusp)
{
    CommandTable *ct;
    char *cmd;
    int n;
                              /* scan table for command */
    cmd = argv[0];
    n = strlen (cmd);
    for (ct = tab; ct->name; ct++) {
                              /* look for unique prefix */
      if (n >= ct->minlen && n <= ct->maxlen &&
          strncmp (cmd, ct->name, n) == 0) {
          *statusp = (*(ct->processfunc))(inputfilename, lineno, argc, argv);
          return 1;
      }
    }

    *statusp = 1;
    return 0;
}


static AuthList *xauth_head = NULL; /* list of auth entries */
static Bool xauth_existed = False;  /* if was present at initialize */
static Bool xauth_modified = False; /* if added, removed, or merged */
static Bool xauth_allowed = True;   /* if allowed to write auth file */
static Bool xauth_locked = False;     /* if has been locked */
static char *xauth_filename = NULL;
static volatile Bool dieing = False;

#ifdef RETSIGTYPE /* autoconf AC_TYPE_SIGNAL */
# define _signal_t RETSIGTYPE
#else /* Imake */
#ifdef SIGNALRETURNSINT
#define _signal_t int
#else
#define _signal_t void
#endif
#endif /* RETSIGTYPE */

/* poor man's puts(), for under signal handlers */
#define WRITES(fd, S) (void)write((fd), (S), strlen((S)))

/* ARGSUSED */
static _signal_t 
die(int sig)
{
    dieing = True;
    _exit (auth_finalize ());
    /* NOTREACHED */
#ifdef SIGNALRETURNSINT
    return -1;                      /* for picky compilers */
#endif
}

static _signal_t 
catchsig(int sig)
{
#ifdef SYSV
    if (sig > 0) signal (sig, die); /* re-establish signal handler */
#endif
    /*
     * fileno() might not be reentrant, avoid it if possible, and use
     * stderr instead of stdout
     */
#ifdef STDERR_FILENO
    if (verbose && xauth_modified) WRITES(STDERR_FILENO, "\r\n");
#else
    if (verbose && xauth_modified) WRITES(fileno(stderr), "\r\n");
#endif
    die (sig);
    /* NOTREACHED */
#ifdef SIGNALRETURNSINT
    return -1;                      /* for picky compilers */
#endif
}

static void 
register_signals(void)
{
    signal (SIGINT, catchsig);
    signal (SIGTERM, catchsig);
#ifdef SIGHUP
    signal (SIGHUP, catchsig);
#endif
#ifdef SIGPIPE
    signal (SIGPIPE, catchsig);
#endif
    return;
}


/*
 * public procedures for parsing lines of input
 */

int 
auth_initialize(char *authfilename)
{
    int n;
    AuthList *head, *tail;
    FILE *authfp;
    Bool exists;

    xauth_filename = authfilename;    /* used in cleanup, prevent race with 
                                         signals */
    register_signals ();

    bzero ((char *) hexvalues, sizeof hexvalues);
    hexvalues['0'] = 0;
    hexvalues['1'] = 1;
    hexvalues['2'] = 2;
    hexvalues['3'] = 3;
    hexvalues['4'] = 4;
    hexvalues['5'] = 5;
    hexvalues['6'] = 6;
    hexvalues['7'] = 7;
    hexvalues['8'] = 8;
    hexvalues['9'] = 9;
    hexvalues['a'] = hexvalues['A'] = 0xa;
    hexvalues['b'] = hexvalues['B'] = 0xb;
    hexvalues['c'] = hexvalues['C'] = 0xc;
    hexvalues['d'] = hexvalues['D'] = 0xd;
    hexvalues['e'] = hexvalues['E'] = 0xe;
    hexvalues['f'] = hexvalues['F'] = 0xf;

    if (break_locks && verbose) {
      printf ("Attempting to break locks on authority file %s\n",
            authfilename);
    }

    if (ignore_locks) {
      if (break_locks) XauUnlockAuth (authfilename);
    } else {
      n = XauLockAuth (authfilename, XAUTH_DEFAULT_RETRIES,
                   XAUTH_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, 
                   (break_locks ? 0L : XAUTH_DEFAULT_DEADTIME));
      if (n != LOCK_SUCCESS) {
          char *reason = "unknown error";
          switch (n) {
            case LOCK_ERROR:
            reason = "error";
            break;
            case LOCK_TIMEOUT:
            reason = "timeout";
            break;
          }
          fprintf (stderr, "%s:  %s in locking authority file %s\n",
                 ProgramName, reason, authfilename);
          return -1;
      } else
          xauth_locked = True;
    }

    /* these checks can only be done reliably after the file is locked */
    exists = (access (authfilename, F_OK) == 0);
    if (exists && access (authfilename, W_OK) != 0) {
      fprintf (stderr,
       "%s:  %s not writable, changes will be ignored\n",
             ProgramName, authfilename);
      xauth_allowed = False;
    }

    original_umask = umask (0077);  /* disallow non-owner access */

    authfp = fopen (authfilename, "rb");
    if (!authfp) {
      int olderrno = errno;

                              /* if file there then error */
      if (access (authfilename, F_OK) == 0) {    /* then file does exist! */
          errno = olderrno;
          return -1;
      }                       /* else ignore it */
      fprintf (stderr, 
             "%s:  creating new authority file %s\n",
             ProgramName, authfilename);
    } else {
      xauth_existed = True;
      n = read_auth_entries (authfp, False, &head, &tail);
      (void) fclose (authfp);
      if (n < 0) {
          fprintf (stderr,
                 "%s:  unable to read auth entries from file \"%s\"\n",
                 ProgramName, authfilename);
          return -1;
      }
      xauth_head = head;
    }

    n = strlen (authfilename);
    xauth_filename = malloc (n + 1);
    if (xauth_filename) strcpy (xauth_filename, authfilename);
    else {
      fprintf(stderr,"cannot allocate memory\n");
      return -1;
    }
    
    xauth_modified = False;

    if (verbose) {
      printf ("%s authority file %s\n", 
            ignore_locks ? "Ignoring locks on" : "Using", authfilename);
    }
    return 0;
}

static int 
write_auth_file(char *tmp_nam)
{
    FILE *fp = NULL;
    int fd;
    AuthList *list;

    /*
     * xdm and auth spec assumes auth file is 12 or fewer characters
     */
    strcpy (tmp_nam, xauth_filename);
    strcat (tmp_nam, "-n");         /* for new */
    (void) unlink (tmp_nam);
    /* CPhipps 2000/02/12 - fix file unlink/fopen race */
    fd = open(tmp_nam, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_EXCL, 0600);
    if (fd != -1) fp = fdopen (fd, "wb");
    if (!fp) {
        if (fd != -1) close(fd);
      fprintf (stderr, "%s:  unable to open tmp file \"%s\"\n",
             ProgramName, tmp_nam);
      return -1;
    } 

    /*
     * Write MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1 first, because R4 Xlib knows
     * only that and uses the first authorization it finds.
     */
    for (list = xauth_head; list; list = list->next) {
      if (list->auth->name_length == 18
          && strncmp(list->auth->name, "MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1", 18) == 0) {
          if (!XauWriteAuth(fp, list->auth)) {
            (void) fclose(fp);
            return -1;
          }
      }
    }
    for (list = xauth_head; list; list = list->next) {
      if (list->auth->name_length != 18
          || strncmp(list->auth->name, "MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1", 18) != 0) {
          if (!XauWriteAuth(fp, list->auth)) {
            (void) fclose(fp);
            return -1;
          }
      }
    }

    (void) fclose (fp);
    return 0;
}

int 
auth_finalize(void)
{
    char temp_name[1024];     /* large filename size */

    if (xauth_modified) {
      if (dieing) {
          if (verbose) {
            /*
             * called from a signal handler -- printf is *not* reentrant; also
             * fileno() might not be reentrant, avoid it if possible, and use
             * stderr instead of stdout
             */
#ifdef STDERR_FILENO
            WRITES(STDERR_FILENO, "\nAborting changes to authority file ");
            WRITES(STDERR_FILENO, xauth_filename);
            WRITES(STDERR_FILENO, "\n");
#else
            WRITES(fileno(stderr), "\nAborting changes to authority file ");
            WRITES(fileno(stderr), xauth_filename);
            WRITES(fileno(stderr), "\n");
#endif
          }
      } else if (!xauth_allowed) {
          fprintf (stderr, 
                 "%s:  %s not writable, changes ignored\n",
                 ProgramName, xauth_filename);
      } else {
          if (verbose) {
            printf ("%s authority file %s\n", 
                  ignore_locks ? "Ignoring locks and writing" :
                  "Writing", xauth_filename);
          }
          temp_name[0] = '\0';
          if (write_auth_file (temp_name) == -1) {
            fprintf (stderr,
                   "%s:  unable to write authority file %s\n",
                   ProgramName, temp_name);
          } else {
            (void) unlink (xauth_filename);
#if defined(WIN32) || defined(__UNIXOS2__)
            if (rename(temp_name, xauth_filename) == -1)
#else
            if (link (temp_name, xauth_filename) == -1)
#endif
            {
                fprintf (stderr,
                 "%s:  unable to link authority file %s, use %s\n",
                       ProgramName, xauth_filename, temp_name);
            } else {
                (void) unlink (temp_name);
            }
          }
      }
    }

    if (xauth_locked) {
      XauUnlockAuth (xauth_filename);
    }
    (void) umask (original_umask);
    return 0;
}

int 
process_command(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    int status;

    if (argc < 1 || !argv || !argv[0]) return 1;

    if (dispatch_command (inputfilename, lineno, argc, argv,
                    command_table, &status))
      return status;

    prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
    fprintf (stderr, "unknown command \"%s\"\n", argv[0]);
    return 1;
}


/*
 * utility routines
 */

static char * 
bintohex(unsigned int len, char *bindata)
{
    char *hexdata, *starthex;

    /* two chars per byte, plus null termination */
    starthex = hexdata = (char *)malloc(2*len + 1); 
    if (!hexdata)
      return NULL;

    for (; len > 0; len--, bindata++) {
      register char *s = hex_table[(unsigned char)*bindata];
      *hexdata++ = s[0];
      *hexdata++ = s[1];
    }
    *hexdata = '\0';
    return starthex;
}

static void 
fprintfhex(register FILE *fp, int len, char *cp)
{
    char *hex;

    hex = bintohex(len, cp);
    fprintf(fp, hex);
    free(hex);
}

static int
dump_numeric(register FILE *fp, register Xauth *auth)
{
    fprintf (fp, "%04x", auth->family);  /* unsigned short */
    fprintf (fp, " %04x ", auth->address_length);  /* short */
    fprintfhex (fp, auth->address_length, auth->address);
    fprintf (fp, " %04x ", auth->number_length);  /* short */
    fprintfhex (fp, auth->number_length, auth->number);
    fprintf (fp, " %04x ", auth->name_length);  /* short */
    fprintfhex (fp, auth->name_length, auth->name);
    fprintf (fp, " %04x ", auth->data_length);  /* short */
    fprintfhex (fp, auth->data_length, auth->data);
    putc ('\n', fp);
    return 1;
}

/* ARGSUSED */
static int 
dump_entry(char *inputfilename, int lineno, Xauth *auth, char *data)
{
    struct _list_data *ld = (struct _list_data *) data;
    FILE *fp = ld->fp;

    if (ld->numeric) {
      dump_numeric (fp, auth);
    } else {
      char *dpyname = NULL;

      switch (auth->family) {
        case FamilyLocal:
          fwrite (auth->address, sizeof (char), auth->address_length, fp);
          fprintf (fp, "/unix");
          break;
        case FamilyInternet:
#if defined(IPv6) && defined(AF_INET6)
        case FamilyInternet6:
#endif
        case FamilyDECnet:
          dpyname = get_hostname (auth);
          if (dpyname) {
            fprintf (fp, "%s", dpyname);
            break;
          }
          /* else fall through to default */
        default:
          fprintf (fp, "#%04x#", auth->family);
          fprintfhex (fp, auth->address_length, auth->address);
          putc ('#', fp);
      }
      putc (':', fp);
      fwrite (auth->number, sizeof (char), auth->number_length, fp);
      putc (' ', fp);
      putc (' ', fp);
      fwrite (auth->name, sizeof (char), auth->name_length, fp);
      putc (' ', fp);
      putc (' ', fp);
      if (!strncmp(auth->name, SECURERPC, auth->name_length) ||
          !strncmp(auth->name, K5AUTH, auth->name_length))
            fwrite (auth->data, sizeof (char), auth->data_length, fp);
      else
          fprintfhex (fp, auth->data_length, auth->data);
      putc ('\n', fp);
    }
    return 0;
}

static int 
extract_entry(char *inputfilename, int lineno, Xauth *auth, char *data)
{
    struct _extract_data *ed = (struct _extract_data *) data;

    if (!ed->fp) {
      ed->fp = open_file (&ed->filename,
                      ed->numeric ? "w" : "wb",
                      &ed->used_stdout,
                      inputfilename, lineno, ed->cmd);
      if (!ed->fp) {
          prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
          fprintf (stderr,
                 "unable to open extraction file \"%s\"\n",
                 ed->filename);
          return -1;
      }
    }
    (*(ed->numeric ? dump_numeric : XauWriteAuth)) (ed->fp, auth);
    ed->nwritten++;

    return 0;
}


static int
eq_auth(Xauth *a, Xauth *b)
{
    return((a->family == b->family &&
          a->address_length == b->address_length &&
          a->number_length == b->number_length &&
          a->name_length == b->name_length &&
          a->data_length == b->data_length &&
          memcmp(a->address, b->address, a->address_length) == 0 &&
          memcmp(a->number, b->number, a->number_length) == 0 &&
          memcmp(a->name, b->name, a->name_length) == 0 &&
          memcmp(a->data, b->data, a->data_length) == 0) ? 1 : 0);
}
          
static int 
match_auth_dpy(register Xauth *a, register Xauth *b)
{
    return ((a->family == b->family &&
           a->address_length == b->address_length &&
           a->number_length == b->number_length &&
           memcmp(a->address, b->address, a->address_length) == 0 &&
           memcmp(a->number, b->number, a->number_length) == 0) ? 1 : 0);
}

/* return non-zero iff display and authorization type are the same */

static int 
match_auth(register Xauth *a, register Xauth *b)
{
    return ((match_auth_dpy(a, b)
           && a->name_length == b->name_length
           && memcmp(a->name, b->name, a->name_length) == 0) ? 1 : 0);
}


static int 
merge_entries(AuthList **firstp, AuthList *second, int *nnewp, int *nreplp)
{
    AuthList *a, *b, *first, *tail;
    int n = 0, nnew = 0, nrepl = 0;

    if (!second) return 0;

    if (!*firstp) {                 /* if nothing to merge into */
      *firstp = second;
      for (tail = *firstp, n = 1; tail->next; n++, tail = tail->next) ;
      *nnewp = n;
      *nreplp = 0;
      return n;
    }

    first = *firstp;
    /*
     * find end of first list and stick second list on it
     */
    for (tail = first; tail->next; tail = tail->next) ;
    tail->next = second;

    /*
     * run down list freeing duplicate entries; if an entry is okay, then
     * bump the tail up to include it, otherwise, cut the entry out of
     * the chain.
     */
    for (b = second; b; ) {
      AuthList *next = b->next;     /* in case we free it */

      a = first;
      for (;;) {
          if (match_auth (a->auth, b->auth)) {  /* found a duplicate */
            AuthList tmp;           /* swap it in for old one */
            tmp = *a;
            *a = *b;
            *b = tmp;
            a->next = b->next;
            XauDisposeAuth (b->auth);
            free ((char *) b);
            b = NULL;
            tail->next = next;
            nrepl++;
            nnew--;
            break;
          }
          if (a == tail) break;     /* if have looked at left side */
          a = a->next;
      }
      if (b) {                /* if we didn't remove it */
          tail = b;                 /* bump end of first list */
      }
      b = next;
      n++;
      nnew++;
    }

    *nnewp = nnew;
    *nreplp = nrepl;
    return n;

}

static Xauth *
copyAuth(Xauth *auth)
{
    Xauth *a;

    a = (Xauth *)malloc(sizeof(Xauth));
    if (a == NULL) {
      return NULL;
    }
    memset(a, 0, sizeof(Xauth));
    a->family = auth->family;
    if (auth->address_length != 0) {
      a->address = malloc(auth->address_length);
      if (a->address == NULL) {
          free(a);
          return NULL;
      }
      memcpy(a->address, auth->address, auth->address_length);
      a->address_length = auth->address_length;
    }
    if (auth->number_length != 0) {
      a->number = malloc(auth->number_length);
      if (a->number == NULL) {
          free(a->address);
          free(a);
          return NULL;
      }
      memcpy(a->number, auth->number, auth->number_length);
      a->number_length = auth->number_length;
    }
    if (auth->name_length != 0) {
      a->name = malloc(auth->name_length);
      if (a->name == NULL) {
          free(a->address);
          free(a->number);
          free(a);
          return NULL;
      }
      memcpy(a->name, auth->name, auth->name_length);
      a->name_length = auth->name_length;
    }
    if (auth->data_length != 0) {
      a->data = malloc(auth->data_length);
      if (a->data == NULL) {
          free(a->address);
          free(a->number);
          free(a->name);
          free(a);
          return NULL;
      }
      memcpy(a->data, auth->data, auth->data_length);
      a->data_length = auth->data_length;
    }
    return a;
}
    
typedef int (*YesNoFunc)(char *, int, Xauth *, char *);

static int 
iterdpy (char *inputfilename, int lineno, int start,
       int argc, char *argv[], 
       YesNoFunc yfunc, YesNoFunc nfunc, char *data)
{
    int i;
    int status;
    int errors = 0;
    Xauth *tmp_auth;
    AuthList *proto_head, *proto;
    AuthList *l, *next;

    /*
     * iterate
     */
    for (i = start; i < argc; i++) {
      char *displayname = argv[i];
      if (!get_displayname_auth (displayname, &proto_head)) {
          prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
          baddisplayname (displayname, argv[0]);
          errors++;
          continue;
      }
      status = 0;
      for (l = xauth_head; l; l = next) {
          Bool matched = False;

          /* l may be freed by remove_entry below. so save its contents */
          next = l->next;
          tmp_auth = copyAuth(l->auth);
          for (proto = proto_head; proto; proto = proto->next) {
            if (match_auth_dpy (proto->auth, tmp_auth)) {
                matched = True;
                if (yfunc) {
                  status = (*yfunc) (inputfilename, lineno,
                                 tmp_auth, data);
                  if (status < 0) break;
                }
            }
          }
          XauDisposeAuth(tmp_auth);
          if (matched == False) {
            if (nfunc) {
                status = (*nfunc) (inputfilename, lineno,
                               l->auth, data);
            }
          }
          if (status < 0) break;
      }
      for (proto = proto_head; proto ; proto = next) {
          next = proto->next;
          if (proto->auth->address) free (proto->auth->address);
          if (proto->auth->number) free (proto->auth->number);
          free (proto->auth);
          free (proto);
      }
      if (status < 0) {
          errors -= status;         /* since status is negative */
          break;
      }
    }

    return errors;
}

/* ARGSUSED */
static int 
remove_entry(char *inputfilename, int lineno, Xauth *auth, char *data)
{
    int *nremovedp = (int *) data;
    AuthList **listp = &xauth_head;
    AuthList *list;

    /*
     * unlink the auth we were asked to
     */
    while (!eq_auth((list = *listp)->auth, auth))
      listp = &list->next;
    *listp = list->next;
    XauDisposeAuth (list->auth);                    /* free the auth */
    free (list);                        /* free the link */
    xauth_modified = True;
    (*nremovedp)++;
    return 1;
}

/*
 * action routines
 */

/*
 * help
 */
int 
print_help(FILE *fp, char *cmd, char *prefix)
{
    CommandTable *ct;
    int n = 0;

    if (!prefix) prefix = "";

    if (!cmd) {                     /* if no cmd, print all help */
      for (ct = command_table; ct->name; ct++) {
          fprintf (fp, "%s%s\n", prefix, ct->helptext);
          n++;
      }
    } else {
      int len = strlen (cmd);
      for (ct = command_table; ct->name; ct++) {
          if (strncmp (cmd, ct->name, len) == 0) {
            fprintf (fp, "%s%s\n", prefix, ct->helptext);
            n++;
          }
      }
    }
      
    return n;
}

static int 
do_help(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    char *cmd = (argc > 1 ? argv[1] : NULL);
    int n;

    n = print_help (stdout, cmd, "    ");  /* a nice amount */

    if (n < 0 || (n == 0 && !cmd)) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      fprintf (stderr, "internal error with help");
      if (cmd) {
          fprintf (stderr, " on command \"%s\"", cmd);
      }
      fprintf (stderr, "\n");
      return 1;
    }

    if (n == 0) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      /* already know that cmd is set in this case */
      fprintf (stderr, "no help for noexistent command \"%s\"\n", cmd);
    }

    return 0;
}

/*
 * questionmark
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static int 
do_questionmark(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    CommandTable *ct;
    int i;
#define WIDEST_COLUMN 72
    int col = WIDEST_COLUMN;

    printf ("Commands:\n");
    for (ct = command_table; ct->name; ct++) {
      if ((col + ct->maxlen) > WIDEST_COLUMN) {
          if (ct != command_table) {
            putc ('\n', stdout);
          }
          fputs ("        ", stdout);
          col = 8;                  /* length of string above */
      }
      fputs (ct->name, stdout);
      col += ct->maxlen;
      for (i = ct->maxlen; i < COMMAND_NAMES_PADDED_WIDTH; i++) {
          putc (' ', stdout);
          col++;
      }
    }
    if (col != 0) {
      putc ('\n', stdout);
    }

    /* allow bad lines since this is help */
    return 0;
}

/*
 * list [displayname ...]
 */
static int 
do_list (char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    struct _list_data ld;

    ld.fp = stdout;
    ld.numeric = (argv[0][0] == 'n');

    if (argc == 1) {
      register AuthList *l;

      if (xauth_head) {
          for (l = xauth_head; l; l = l->next) {
            dump_entry (inputfilename, lineno, l->auth, (char *) &ld);
          }
      }
      return 0;
    }

    return iterdpy (inputfilename, lineno, 1, argc, argv,
                dump_entry, NULL, (char *) &ld);
}

/*
 * merge filename [filename ...]
 */
static int 
do_merge(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    int i;
    int errors = 0;
    AuthList *head, *tail, *listhead, *listtail;
    int nentries, nnew, nrepl;
    Bool numeric = False;

    if (argc < 2) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      badcommandline (argv[0]);
      return 1;
    }

    if (argv[0][0] == 'n') numeric = True;
    listhead = listtail = NULL;

    for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
      char *filename = argv[i];
      FILE *fp;
      Bool used_stdin = False;

      fp = open_file (&filename,
                  numeric ? "r" : "rb",
                  &used_stdin, inputfilename, lineno,
                  argv[0]);
      if (!fp) {
          errors++;
          continue;
      }

      head = tail = NULL;
      nentries = read_auth_entries (fp, numeric, &head, &tail);
      if (nentries == 0) {
          prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
          fprintf (stderr, "unable to read any entries from file \"%s\"\n",
                 filename);
          errors++;
      } else {                /* link it in */
          add_to_list (listhead, listtail, head);
      }

      if (!used_stdin) (void) fclose (fp);
    }

    /*
     * if we have new entries, merge them in (freeing any duplicates)
     */
    if (listhead) {
      nentries = merge_entries (&xauth_head, listhead, &nnew, &nrepl);
      if (verbose) 
        printf ("%d entries read in:  %d new, %d replacement%s\n", 
              nentries, nnew, nrepl, nrepl != 1 ? "s" : "");
      if (nentries > 0) xauth_modified = True;
    }

    return 0;
}

/*
 * extract filename displayname [displayname ...]
 */
static int 
do_extract(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    int errors;
    struct _extract_data ed;

    if (argc < 3) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      badcommandline (argv[0]);
      return 1;
    }

    ed.fp = NULL;
    ed.filename = argv[1];
    ed.numeric = (argv[0][0] == 'n');
    ed.nwritten = 0;
    ed.cmd = argv[0];

    errors = iterdpy (inputfilename, lineno, 2, argc, argv, 
                  extract_entry, NULL, (char *) &ed);

    if (!ed.fp) {
      fprintf (stderr, 
             "No matches found, authority file \"%s\" not written\n",
             ed.filename);
    } else {
      if (verbose) {
          printf ("%d entries written to \"%s\"\n", 
                ed.nwritten, ed.filename);
      }
      if (!ed.used_stdout) {
          (void) fclose (ed.fp);
      }
    }

    return errors;
}


/*
 * add displayname protocolname hexkey
 */
static int 
do_add(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{ 
    int n, nnew, nrepl;
    int len;
    char *dpyname;
    char *protoname;
    char *hexkey;
    char *key;
    AuthList *list, *list_cur, *list_next;

    if (argc != 4 || !argv[1] || !argv[2] || !argv[3]) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      badcommandline (argv[0]);
      return 1;
    }

    dpyname = argv[1];
    protoname = argv[2];
    hexkey = argv[3];

    len = strlen(hexkey);
    if (hexkey[0] == '"' && hexkey[len-1] == '"') {
      key = malloc(len-1);
      strncpy(key, hexkey+1, len-2);
      len -= 2;
    } else if (!strcmp(protoname, SECURERPC) ||
             !strcmp(protoname, K5AUTH)) {
      key = malloc(len+1);
      strcpy(key, hexkey);
    } else {
      len = cvthexkey (hexkey, &key);
      if (len < 0) {
          prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
          fprintf (stderr,
                 "key contains odd number of or non-hex characters\n");
          return 1;
      }
    }

    if (!get_displayname_auth (dpyname, &list)) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      baddisplayname (dpyname, argv[0]);
      free (key);
      return 1;
    }

    /*
     * allow an abbreviation for common protocol names
     */
    if (strcmp (protoname, DEFAULT_PROTOCOL_ABBREV) == 0) {
      protoname = DEFAULT_PROTOCOL;
    }

    for (list_cur = list;  list_cur != NULL; list_cur = list_cur->next) {
      Xauth *auth = list_cur->auth;

      auth->name_length = strlen (protoname);
      auth->name = copystring (protoname, auth->name_length);
      if (!auth->name) {
          prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
          fprintf (stderr, "unable to allocate %d character protocol name\n",
                 auth->name_length);
          for (list_cur = list; list_cur != NULL; list_cur = list_next) {
            list_next = list_cur->next;
            XauDisposeAuth(list_cur->auth);
            free(list_cur);
          }
          free (key);
          return 1;
      }
      auth->data_length = len;
      auth->data = malloc(len);
      if (!auth->data) {
            prefix(inputfilename, lineno);
            fprintf(stderr, "unable to allocate %d bytes for key\n", len);
            for (list_cur = list; list_cur != NULL; list_cur = list_next) {
                  list_next = list_cur->next;
                  XauDisposeAuth(list_cur->auth);
                  free(list_cur);
            }
            free(key);
            return 1;
      }
      memcpy(auth->data, key, len);
    }
    free(key);
    /*
     * merge it in; note that merge will deal with allocation
     */
    n = merge_entries (&xauth_head, list, &nnew, &nrepl);
    if (n <= 0) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      fprintf (stderr, "unable to merge in added record\n");
      return 1;
    }

    xauth_modified = True;
    return 0;
}

/*
 * remove displayname
 */
static int 
do_remove(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    int nremoved = 0;
    int errors;

    if (argc < 2) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      badcommandline (argv[0]);
      return 1;
    }

    errors = iterdpy (inputfilename, lineno, 1, argc, argv,
                  remove_entry, NULL, (char *) &nremoved);
    if (verbose) printf ("%d entries removed\n", nremoved);
    return errors;
}

/*
 * info
 */
static int 
do_info(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    int n;
    AuthList *l;

    if (argc != 1) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      badcommandline (argv[0]);
      return 1;
    }

    for (l = xauth_head, n = 0; l; l = l->next, n++) ;

    printf ("Authority file:       %s\n",
          xauth_filename ? xauth_filename : "(none)");
    printf ("File new:             %s\n", xauth_existed ? No : Yes);
    printf ("File locked:          %s\n", xauth_locked ? No : Yes);
    printf ("Number of entries:    %d\n", n);
    printf ("Changes honored:      %s\n", xauth_allowed ? Yes : No);
    printf ("Changes made:         %s\n", xauth_modified ? Yes : No);
    printf ("Current input:        %s:%d\n", inputfilename, lineno);
    return 0;
}


/*
 * exit
 */
static Bool alldone = False;

/* ARGSUSED */
static int 
do_exit(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    /* allow bogus stuff */
    alldone = True;
    return 0;
}

/*
 * quit
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static int 
do_quit(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    /* allow bogus stuff */
    die (0);
    /* NOTREACHED */
    return -1;                      /* for picky compilers */
}


/*
 * source filename
 */
static int 
do_source(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    char *script;
    char buf[BUFSIZ];
    FILE *fp;
    Bool used_stdin = False;
    int len;
    int errors = 0, status;
    int sublineno = 0;
    char **subargv;
    int subargc;
    Bool prompt = False;            /* only true if reading from tty */

    if (argc != 2 || !argv[1]) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      badcommandline (argv[0]);
      return 1;
    }

    script = argv[1];

    fp = open_file (&script, "r", &used_stdin, inputfilename, lineno, argv[0]);
    if (!fp) {
      return 1;
    }

    if (verbose && used_stdin && isatty (fileno (fp))) prompt = True;

    while (!alldone) {
      buf[0] = '\0';
      if (prompt) {
          printf ("xauth> ");
          fflush (stdout);
      }
      if (fgets (buf, sizeof buf, fp) == NULL) break;
      sublineno++;
      len = strlen (buf);
      if (len == 0 || buf[0] == '#') continue;
      if (buf[len-1] != '\n') {
          prefix (script, sublineno);
          fprintf (stderr, "line too long\n");
          errors++;
          break;
      }
      buf[--len] = '\0';            /* remove new line */
      subargv = split_into_words (buf, &subargc);
      if (subargv) {
          status = process_command (script, sublineno, subargc, subargv);
          free ((char *) subargv);
          errors += status;
      } else {
          prefix (script, sublineno);
          fprintf (stderr, "unable to break line into words\n");
          errors++;
      }
    }

    if (!used_stdin) {
      (void) fclose (fp);
    }
    return errors;
}

static int x_protocol_error;
static int
catch_x_protocol_error(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *errevent)
{
    char buf[80];
    XGetErrorText(dpy, errevent->error_code, buf, sizeof (buf));
    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", buf);
    x_protocol_error = errevent->error_code;
    return 1;
}

/*
 * generate
 */
static int 
do_generate(char *inputfilename, int lineno, int argc, char **argv)
{
    char *displayname;
    int major_version, minor_version;
    XSecurityAuthorization id_return;
    Xauth *auth_in, *auth_return;
    XSecurityAuthorizationAttributes attributes;
    unsigned long attrmask = 0;
    Display *dpy;
    int status;
    char *args[4];
    char *protoname = ".";
    int i;
    int authdatalen = 0;
    char *hexdata;
    char *authdata = NULL;

    if (argc < 2 || !argv[1]) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      badcommandline (argv[0]);
      return 1;
    }

    displayname = argv[1];

    if (argc > 2) {
      protoname = argv[2];
    }

    for (i = 3; i < argc; i++) {
      if (0 == strcmp(argv[i], "timeout")) {
          if (++i == argc) {
            prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
            badcommandline (argv[i-1]);
            return 1;
          } 
          attributes.timeout = atoi(argv[i]);
          attrmask |= XSecurityTimeout;

      } else if (0 == strcmp(argv[i], "trusted")) {
          attributes.trust_level = XSecurityClientTrusted;
          attrmask |= XSecurityTrustLevel;

      } else if (0 == strcmp(argv[i], "untrusted")) {
          attributes.trust_level = XSecurityClientUntrusted;
          attrmask |= XSecurityTrustLevel;

      } else if (0 == strcmp(argv[i], "group")) {
          if (++i == argc) {
            prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
            badcommandline (argv[i-1]);
            return 1;
          } 
          attributes.group = atoi(argv[i]);
          attrmask |= XSecurityGroup;

      } else if (0 == strcmp(argv[i], "data")) {
          if (++i == argc) {
            prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
            badcommandline (argv[i-1]);
            return 1;
          } 
          hexdata = argv[i];
          authdatalen = strlen(hexdata);
          if (hexdata[0] == '"' && hexdata[authdatalen-1] == '"') {
            authdata = malloc(authdatalen-1);
            strncpy(authdata, hexdata+1, authdatalen-2);
            authdatalen -= 2;
          } else {
            authdatalen = cvthexkey (hexdata, &authdata);
            if (authdatalen < 0) {
                prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
                fprintf (stderr,
                       "data contains odd number of or non-hex characters\n");
                return 1;
            }
          }
      } else {
          prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
          badcommandline (argv[i]);
          return 1;
      }
    }

    /* generate authorization using the Security extension */

    dpy = XOpenDisplay (displayname);
    if (!dpy) {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      fprintf (stderr, "unable to open display \"%s\".\n", displayname);
      return 1;
    }

    status = XSecurityQueryExtension(dpy, &major_version, &minor_version);
    if (!status)
    {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      fprintf (stderr, "couldn't query Security extension on display \"%s\"\n",
             displayname);
        return 1;
    }

    /* fill in input Xauth struct */

    auth_in = XSecurityAllocXauth();
    if (strcmp (protoname, DEFAULT_PROTOCOL_ABBREV) == 0) {
       auth_in->name = DEFAULT_PROTOCOL;
    }
    else
      auth_in->name = protoname;
    auth_in->name_length = strlen(auth_in->name);
    auth_in->data = authdata;
    auth_in->data_length = authdatalen;

    x_protocol_error = 0;
    XSetErrorHandler(catch_x_protocol_error);
    auth_return = XSecurityGenerateAuthorization(dpy, auth_in, attrmask,
                                     &attributes, &id_return);
    XSync(dpy, False);

    if (!auth_return || x_protocol_error)
    {
      prefix (inputfilename, lineno);
      fprintf (stderr, "couldn't generate authorization\n");
      return 1;
    }

    if (verbose)
      printf("authorization id is %ld\n", id_return);

    /* create a fake input line to give to do_add */

    args[0] = "add";
    args[1] = displayname;
    args[2] = auth_in->name;
    args[3] = bintohex(auth_return->data_length, auth_return->data);

    status = do_add(inputfilename, lineno, 4, args);

    if (authdata) free(authdata);
    XSecurityFreeXauth(auth_in);
    XSecurityFreeXauth(auth_return);
    free(args[3]); /* hex data */
    XCloseDisplay(dpy);
    return status;
}

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